Last year, after many years with the same employer, my orthodontist to be specific, my mom was about to be back into the job market. The orthodontist retired, and my mom decided she needed to find another job instead of working for the orthodontist who took over her former boss’s practice. Unfortunately, she didn’t have a resume. 

No matter what your age, if you’re just entering the job market, or trying to find another job after years and years with the same employer, a great resume is always needed. In my mom’s case, she was concerned that nobody would hire her because she’d been at the same employer for so long. 

If you’ve been at the same employer for a very long time, don’t worry. As you’ll see from the enclosed resume, my mom held various job positions with the same employer. For her resume we listed each job and the responsibilities for each (bulleted) along with the dates for each position. In her case, she listed job titles in reverse chronological order, but you’re welcome to list them in any order you choose. It’s all up to you! Just be sure that your job history is clear, and, if there are any gaps between dates, and/or jobs, be certain you have an explanation for each (took some time off to raise my family, did volunteer work for the Peace Corps, etc.) during your phone/in-person interview.

So for my mom’s resume, we created the following sections, which gave a nice overview of her skills and background: 

* Heading

* Overview

* Professional Experience 

* Education

* Computer Skills

* Additional (Volunteer Work, Awards, Etc.)

Back In The Job Market Resume



Another type of resume you might consider using is the functional/skills resume. Instead of listing your job history in chronological order, this type of resume if organized according to your skills. It’s the perfect resume if: 

* You’re changing careers
* A chronological resume doesn’t indicate all of your skills and accomplishments
* You’re returning to the workplace after many years for any number of reasons
  (raising families, military service, etc.)
* People just entering the workforce (ie. students graduating college) 

According to authors John Brereton and Margaret Mansfield, “A functional resume will highlight your abilities, not necessarily how well you climbed the corporate ladder. However, many employers are suspicious of functional resumes, thinking that people using them may have something to hide. Avoid this problem by confronting it head on in the Overview/Objective section of the resume:

‘New Psychology B.A. with experience in counseling and student relations seeks personnel position. Pre-college experience includes 10 years as a successful administrative assistant at a Fortune 500 company.'” 

Or, explain your career change and/or return to the workforce in your cover letter:

“Ten years of engine repair in the Air Force showed me I was best at working with people, so I enrolled in courses in training and instructional design.”

Unlike a chronological resume, where you list your most recent position first, a functional/skills resume lists the skills/experience you have as opposed to going into specific details about each job you’ve held. I’ve included a sample functional/skills resume at the bottom of this post, but in general, this resume should include: 

* Overview/Objective
* Experience (Skills)
* Brief Employment History
* Education/Training
* Any Other Pertinent Information

To see a sample of a functional/skills resume, click on the resume below:


Resume Basics!

Whether you’re just entering the job market, or are a seasoned professional, the key to getting noticed by Human Resources or recruiters, or anyone you’d like to work for is a GREAT RESUME.

Please remember that there isn’t a perfect resume! Your resume is as unique as you are, so what you’ll include in it will vary to some degree for each job submission, as well as from what another job applicant will submit. But, first things first! 

Resumes are used to highlight your skills, job experience, and any other pertinent information to help to get you noticed and, hopefully, get an interview. We’ll discuss the essence of the job interview in a later post, but for now, let’s focus on what to include. At the bottom of this post, I’ll include a copy of my most recent resume, to help you visualize formatting. 


Resume Sections 

The most common resume is the work history resume, which highlights your experience and lists your jobs in chronological order.

The resume I’ve enclosed at the bottom of this post, contains the following elements, which are standard for most work history resumes:

·   Heading: Your name, mailing address, telephone number, email address, and link to an online portfolio (as applicable)

·   Summary of Qualifications: Also known as an overview, this is a quick and easy way to list your skills, accomplishments, and experience. Let people know what you’re all about! An experienced manager? The perfect administrative assistant? Whatever you’re background, tell them all about you!

·   Experience: Describe your work experience, listing the company you worked for, its location, your job title, and your dates of employment. For each employer you list (in reverse chronological order), describe what you did for the company, with your most recent position with the company listed first, depending on if you’ve had more than one job at a company. The most important aspect to describe is your accomplishments, with as many specific details as possible. Did you increase revenue? Create and amazing training which cut losses by 50%? Let them know!

·   Computer Skills: List all computer applications you have experience using. Microsoft Word? Photoshop? Captivate? Flash? Whatever is your area of expertise, write them down

·   Education: List your most recent degree first, even if it’s still “in progress”. College degrees are fine, so no need to list the high school you attended unless you didn’t go to college. List the degree you earned, along with your major and minor if you have room. This is also the perfect section to list any job-related training courses or certifications you’ve earned.

·   Awards: Won a scholarship? Awarded best employee of the month? Nominated for best instructional designer of the year?
If you don’t include these in your job experience section, you have the option to list all awards, nominations, and/or kudos you’ve earned in a separate section. Again, this section is optional.

·   Interests: Hobbies, interests, languages you speak, travel, enjoy classic cars, and even volunteer work well in your interests section.

Work History Resume Sample